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2. Interaction between Humans, Technology, Organisation and Society

Fire safety is a complex area that is affected by many factors. Traditionally, fire protection has relied on individuals keeping an eye on potential ignition sources. Historically, carelessness with fire has in many cultures resulted in severe repression. The knowledge in the field of fire safety has evolved from focusing on fire founders, to the fact that fire protection is the result of numerous factors and the interaction between these factors.



Ethics, responsibility and allocation principles of fire protection

The purpose of this project was to identify the ethical principles of prioritization, resource and responsibility which are relevant in fire protection context, as well as empirically investigate the different stakeholders approach to these principles.
Publisher: Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan | Author: Per Sandin, Misse Wester
Job no: 203-081
| Year: 2010
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Organizing for fire safety
The aim of the project "Organizing for fire protection" has been to carry out an exploratory study to identify success factors for how fire safety work will be organised.
Publisher: MTO Psykoloi AB | Author: Lena Kecklund
Job no: 200-061
| Year: 2008
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Computer simulation of evacuation in case of fire
-inventory of three approaches
There are currently more than 20 computer software for simulation of evacuation in case of fire. They modeled their movement, usually in one of three ways. These three approaches have been identified and described in this project. The description is based on the five existing computer programs, namely, ERM, EVACNET4, STEPS, buildingEXODUS and SIMULEX.
Publisher: Lund University | Author: Daniel Nilsson
Job no: 204-051
| Year: 2007
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Read also the article presented at the Fifth International Conference on Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics "in Gaithersburg, United States on 8-10 March 2010.



How people behave at the fire and how they experience spoke evacuation messages
The project consists of two parts, the first part was a model of the initial escape sequence and in the other examined six different spoken messages.
Publisher: Lund University | Author: Daniel Nilsson
Job No.: 202-031
| Year: 2007
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Associations of fire danger and självskattat behavior

Most fires occur in the home, making residential environment for our greatest risk zone when it comes to fire danger. An unanswered question is whether people generally perceive his home as a set of risk zones.
Publisher: Fire Javascript Ltd | Author: Tomas Maple
Job no: 205-051
| Year: 2005
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Can chemical analysis of brandrester from a motor vehicle to determine whether the fire was an arson?

In Sweden occurs annually around 4400 fires in vehicles of which 3700 are car fires. The estimated annual cost of engineered vehicle fires in Sweden exceeds 100 million SEK.
Publisher: Lund University | Author: Goran Holmstedt
Job no: 203-031
| Year: 2006
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Is it possible to open the door when it burns?

Selecting lock and pressures for doors which can be used even in an evacuation, "exit, form an essential part of all construction projects. Products must meet several conditions, one of which is to operate in the evacuation.
Publisher: Fire Protection Team | Author: Staffan Bengtsson
Job no: 209-021
| Year: 2004
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Evacuation by annoying and dense smoke
In order to examine people's behaviors and walking speed in dense and annoying smoke was carried out a series of experiments with volunteers. In addition, the possibility of improving the emergency situation by using various complementary escape markup should be investigated.
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Escape through smoke in complex environments such as tunnels

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Human and organisational factors impact on the building fire protection
The project has a quantitative method for assessing the fire hazards identified. The method combines the holistic view that exist within MTO-activities (Human-Technology-Organisation) event tree method. In the project linked qualitative methods with quantitative, which forced up clear definitions of what affects a building fire protection.
Publisher: MTO Fire | Author: Jonas Svensson, Charlotte Andersson Fredholm, Joakim Ardenmark, Peter Andersson
Job no: 207-001
| Year: 2002
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EU project FIPEC: fire performance of electric cables

FIPECs work programme covers the development of fire test methods and studies of mathematical fire models for predicting fire development in real scale based on experiment on a small scale. Testing methods include measurement of heat and smoke.
Publisher: SP | Author: Patrick van Hees, Stephen j. Grayson, Andrew Green, Uberto Vercellotti, Hervé Breulet
Job no: 280-961
| Year: 2000
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The company management has key role in prevention

The main causes of major accidents are to be found in the decision that has been taken long before the accident and those decisions had been taken at a high level in the Organization, usually in the form of ignorance or indifference with regard to the risks. Decisions tend also to put normal security mechanisms, or barriers, eliminated.
Publisher: Luleå University Of Technology | Author: Mats Danielsson
Job no: 203-991
| Year: 1999
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