Brandforsk has financed hundreds of projects over a 40 year time period and with our help, research and development within the field of fire protection science has made big advances.
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Investigating machine learning for fire sciences – literature review and examples
In this work, a review of current literature on artificial intelligence (AI) and more specifically machine learning (ML) is presented. ML is illustrated by two case studies where artificial neural networks are used for regression analysis of 110 spalling experiments and 81 Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) models of tunnel fires …
Exposure of modern compartment fires to facades
Fire spread through façades is a key feature of many high-consequence fire incidents with exceptionally difficult suppression challenges, often involving unproportionate damages and high fatality risk. Unlike many other aspects of fire safety, the framework for assessing the façade performance is far from harmonized …
Home care and fire safety, from the home care service’s perspective
When the elderly live in so-called ordinary housing, ie. in their own homes and not in special homes, the building legislation presupposes that the people in the event of a fire can put themselves in safety. This insight has led to training initiatives and information campaigns in recent years often being directed at this group …
How many people die in smoking-related house fires, really?
Smoking has long been known as one of the dominant risk factors for dying in house fires and especially when combined with old age. Given that the number of elderly people is expected to increase significantly in the coming years, the number of fatalities can also be expected to increase …
Fire safety in timber buildings – Knowledge overview and research needs
Timber is a building material that in recent decades has evolved into new engineered timber products. This has allowed building construction to embrace the use of timber to a greater extent with new architectural possibilities together with the environmental benefits of using a natural and renewable material …
Fire Safety for an Ageing Population
Despite a large decline in the number of fatalities in Sweden since the 1950s, fire-related mortality is still a problem with around 100 deaths per year in fires …
Phase Changing Materials (PCM): Risks and Opportunities
There are different types of phase changing materials and it is mainly the organic materials that constitute a challenge from a fire safety perspective. Organic phase changing materials, paraffin being a commonly used material, are in general combustible …
Validation of a VR evacuation experiment – behavior, decision-making and eye movement (Eye-Track)
Virtual Reality (VR) is an increasingly popular tool to use for evacuation research. The benefits of this technique are several, for example, it is cost-efficient and gives the researcher a high level of control regarding the perceived environment in the experiments. The tool has shown to be promising in previous validation studies …
Preventing and Managing Accidents in Low Socio-Economical Areas: Further Development and Evaluation of the Concept of First Response Volunteers in Suburban Areas – CIP
In the future, the fire rescue services and other emergency response organizations, will to an increasing extent need support from the civil society in handling accidents and crises. In excluded areas, civil volunteers (Swedish abbreviation: CIP) can contribute to increased safety, security and prevention of crime in their local community …
An Holistic Approach for fire safety requirements and design of façade systems (HOLIFAS)
Recent trends with respect to energy consumption demands have increased the use of innovative façade systems both for new construction and building renovation projects. Different types of façades systems are used in order to achieve these requirements …
Virtual Reality evacuation experiment on the usage of evacuation elevators in underground metro stations
The number of metro systems around the world is increasing rapidly. With an increase of metro systems, the number of deep underground metro stations will probably also grow. In Sweden, this is exemplified with station Sofia at the extension of the Stockholm metro system, which is planned to be situated around 100 meters below ground …
A Follow-Up on Measures to Limit the Consequences of Arson in School Buildings
Anlagda skolbränder, av i synnerhet unga brandanläggare, har ansetts vara ett problem i Sverige åtminstone sedan sekelskiftet. Under 2008-2012 genomfördes ett större forskningsprogram för att undersöka detta problem och komma med rekommendationer till åtgärder. Under forskningsprogrammets gång minskade antalet anlagda skolbränder, men sedan 2012 har antalet ökat till samma höga nivå som tidigare.